Alexander (2021), in his report, states that more than one-quarter of US citizens are suffering from chronic pain. This phenomenon is a pain lasting more than three months. The result of unmanaged chronic pain is significant mortality and morbidity. There is a need to evaluate, treat and realize the roles of healthcare practitioners in dealing with chronic pain. From the statistics, among the five patients in outpatient clinics, at least one is related to chronic pain. The US spends more than $100 billion per year in managing chronic related pain and opioid dependence. This expenditure is beyond cancer, heart disease, and diabetes expenses combined.
Crucial treatment of chronic pain is a combination of therapy. A chronic pain patient also shows signs of anxiety and comorbid depression. Because chronic pain impacts each facet of a patient’s life, relevant management and diagnosis are critical.
Chronic pain patients have also complained to be suffering from more than one type of pain. Statistically, 67% and more of chronic pain patients still suffer the comorbid psychiatric disorder. Of the chronic pain patients, 5% to 14% have been reported to attempt suicide. The severity of the pain is measured by VNRS- verbal numeric rating scale that ranges from 0-10. Currently, the prognosis and results in a 30% pain decrease.